If he was wanted to give a definition of "suburban agrarian landscape", the object of this search, could be said that it is, paraphrasing a concept already quoted and taken back by Emilio Sereni, "that form that the man, in the progress and to the goals of its agricultural productive activities and its housing necessities to those tightly connected, consciously and systematically it engraves to the natural landscape." A first push in the choice of the theme in matter derives from a reflection done during the reading of the book of Calms: particularly an image of the painting of Ambrogio Lorenzetti has struck me, denominated "Good Government", in which a strong analogy is noticed with what is the landscape in some zones of Molise today. Recognizable particularity is found in an illustration of the medieval Italian landscape that perfectly mirrors 2007 landscape parts, and of the relationship that this last can have with adjacent landscapes that have been instead completely transfigured by the evolutionary dynamics of the society. The study departs therefore from the wish to proceed in the individualization of the different aspects that you/they characterize the suburban landscape, both in relationship in sceneries that can bring to the definition of the evolutionary dynamics in action both respect to the formation of historical-critical cognitive pictures. To the goals of the search the landscape is considered as a complex of various systems (natural, artificial) among them mutually integrated; in the treatment the phenomenon will be analyzed in relationship both to the natural circle is to that antropico. For tener account of these aspects they are had to analyze the physical-morphological characteristics, the characteristic vegetazionalis, the transformations antropiche and of the installations on a weary of time defined, an analysis historian critical and the analysis of the viabilità. It is not able of certain an introductory part to miss where definitions are given around the concept of landscape, and this is not possible without a historical excursus that delineates the evolution of it both to theoretical level, both also to that legislative. And' certainly necessary to give a first definition of "suburban landscape", definition that will suffer of sure an evolution as soon as he proceeds with the harvest of the data on the territory. The procedure that he is debugging foresees the individualization of meaningful homogeneous zones, that you/they depart from it examines him some subdivision in the homogeneous territorial zones that the communes define inside his/her own territory in the urbanistic tools that govern them. These represent the point of departure for the definitions of the to plot landscape: the various zones are distinguished in urban, sub-urban and agricultural actual, so that to immediately underline the field of interest of the search. The union of the Zones Territorial Homogeneous Á., B, and partly C it is surely that that determines the polygon of the urban zone or You. More difficult individualization they are instead the sub-urban zones, the TSUs, especially in the distinction from the agricultural zones or rather the TAs, which can be identified with the Homogeneous Territorial Zones And, where the discriminating element can be the percentage of present buildings e/o the proximity with an important viabilità as quantitative index; the cataloguing of the manufactured articles, that happens in a second moment, can furnish instead a qualitative index for which he can treat then in different way the areas where the buildings are of recent construction in comparison to those where present manufactured articles are with a historical dignity. A systematic knowledge of some aspects of the territory, objective together to others of the search, not only from a morphological point of view, but also historical and social, it will make to emerge data profits to understand specific aspects of the shed rural architecture that Molise studs, in general, and low Molise particularly. To such intention you/he/she is chosen to define some communes "field-test" inside which to make a will the methodology debugging; the select communes are: Montenero of Haversack, Montecilfone and Ripalimosani. In to put in relationships the analogies and the differences of these three communes there you/he/she is found again to face different problem list but that together they compose an unicum that can make to understand in effective way all the different present facets on the regional territory. The elaborate methodology in the present study, also being born in the specific one for the analysis and the guardianship of the suburban landscape of Low Molise, you/he/she could also find application in the communes that are geographically found in Central Molise and in tall Molise. In such sense the choice of a commune of the hinterland is justified, Rpalimosani, that is able, with its analysis, already to give a first answer around the validity of the methodology proposed for zones where the due changes to tied up phenomenons to the economy of the place are less evident. The problems of the landscape as those of the city, and therefore of the territory, you/they cannot simply be faced adopting attitudes "vincolistici" and static; what, as we will see, treating himself/herself/itself of a phenomenon of interdisciplinary character in which it not only reenters subjects of geographical nature, but also architectural, storiografica and social, it will need more the aid points of view, of an equilibrium among more methods of search. The harvest of the data through cards will bring besides to know some of the characteristics constructive and technological specifications of the rural housebuilding molisana. The intersection of the picked data on the territory with the landscape values inferred by the paper of the ground, from the analysis of the Plain Paesisticis, from the knowledge of the historical and social evolution of the territory it will have to not only bring to the individualization of peculiar elements of the rural architecture tied up to the architectural values, but also to those landscape. Such knowledge can be effective and capillary only if done in careful and systematic way. To such intention you/he/she is tried to set of the real cards of cataloguing of the data of greater I notice for the type of investigation and the finality of the same search. Such card, that has suffered some inevitable changes during the run of doctorate, contains some descriptions and evaluations of objective character around the listed manufactured articles.. In the last part of the search life will be given to a "manual" for the recovery of the suburban landscape, whereas it results compromise; this also with the purpose to protect her, demand that, in a reality frequently and miraculously preserved as that of some zones of Molise, you/he/she should represent an absolute priority. The result will be to define a methodology that goes to define to plot landscape that you/they go to divide the territory to plot urban, to plot agricultural and to plot suburban; they will be then this last to be studied in detail and to their interso a cataloguing of the rural buildings you/he/she will be proposed. Departing from the conviction that a mean to be able to protect the landscape is surely the guardianship of the elements that you/they compose him/it, they are defined some lines it drives of intervention, that you/they have had resulted as the definition of an abacus of the interventions by to effect in the respect both of the manufactured article that of the landscape in which is found. They are finally taken in examination of the particular manufactured articles of the three common fields test, two for every common, for which you/they are suggested in strong way these interventions to the purpose of a recovery and of an exploitation of the same manufactured article. You treats in fact of rich buildings from the architectural point of view and inserted in foreshortenings of landscape of elevated intrinsic value. The definition of a new destination of use of these buildings could contemporarily satisfy is the Tradition, is the necessity to stimulate the economy of areas of the hinterland molisano.
|Titolo:||Il Manuale del recupero e della tutela del "paesaggio suburbano" del basso Molise. Una proposta di metodo|
|Altri titoli:||The Handbook of recovery and protection of the "suburban landscape" of the lower Molise. A proposal of method|
Paesaggio - recupero
|Data di pubblicazione:||24-feb-2010|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||8.2 Tesi di dottorato (Ex-ROAD)|