The European education policies focus on the higher education and the lifelong learning to support the knowledge society. Europe 2020 recognises the importance of the e-learning in the higher education: it is a guarantee of access to training, supported by the modern technologies to encourage training processes. Starting from 2012, the Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) are established within the e-learning as on-line courses prepared by universities for a large number of students allowing the distance learning with free access. The Open and Distance Learning (ODL) and The Open Educational Resource (OER) are the basis of the MOOC philosophy. They combine the methodologies for distance learning with open educational materials and the content to be included in pre-structured and modifiable courses from third persons. The massive training courses present educational contents freely usable in on-line environments, using Information and Communication Technologies (ICT). The aim of this contribution is to focus the attention to the online assessment, a typical problem of these kind of open courses, through the analysis of the literature to reconstruct a theoretical reference framework. The evaluation, as a significant moment of the educational action, accompanies the online training course, allowing a continuous monitoring of the teachers and a reflection on the learning processes for the learners. Describing the characteristics of the Open and Distance learning highlights the peculiarity of on-going assessment in terms of interaction and relationship among teachers, tutors and learners when they share experiences and knowledge. Moreover, the online assessment allows students participating in their own training path, through exercises, laboratory activities and selfassessment procedures. An innovative feature is the collaborative peer evaluation that allows not only the contribution of the individual in the group to be detected, but also the incidence of this contribution in the learning of the individual, even by means of complex tasks that cannot be evaluated in an automated way. The work aims also at highlighting how the assessment actors, in online learning environments, are not only teachers and tutors (etero-evaluation), but the same learners (selfassessment) and all the participants (co-evaluation).

ONLINE EVALUATION IN THE MASSIVE COURSES

De Angelis Marta
2018

Abstract

The European education policies focus on the higher education and the lifelong learning to support the knowledge society. Europe 2020 recognises the importance of the e-learning in the higher education: it is a guarantee of access to training, supported by the modern technologies to encourage training processes. Starting from 2012, the Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) are established within the e-learning as on-line courses prepared by universities for a large number of students allowing the distance learning with free access. The Open and Distance Learning (ODL) and The Open Educational Resource (OER) are the basis of the MOOC philosophy. They combine the methodologies for distance learning with open educational materials and the content to be included in pre-structured and modifiable courses from third persons. The massive training courses present educational contents freely usable in on-line environments, using Information and Communication Technologies (ICT). The aim of this contribution is to focus the attention to the online assessment, a typical problem of these kind of open courses, through the analysis of the literature to reconstruct a theoretical reference framework. The evaluation, as a significant moment of the educational action, accompanies the online training course, allowing a continuous monitoring of the teachers and a reflection on the learning processes for the learners. Describing the characteristics of the Open and Distance learning highlights the peculiarity of on-going assessment in terms of interaction and relationship among teachers, tutors and learners when they share experiences and knowledge. Moreover, the online assessment allows students participating in their own training path, through exercises, laboratory activities and selfassessment procedures. An innovative feature is the collaborative peer evaluation that allows not only the contribution of the individual in the group to be detected, but also the incidence of this contribution in the learning of the individual, even by means of complex tasks that cannot be evaluated in an automated way. The work aims also at highlighting how the assessment actors, in online learning environments, are not only teachers and tutors (etero-evaluation), but the same learners (selfassessment) and all the participants (co-evaluation).
978-84-09-05948-5
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11695/103484
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