Air pollution (AP) is recognize as the most important environmental issue affecting human health. In Europe AP is responsible for 500.000 premature deaths mainly due to non-communicable diseases and disabilities. The epidemiological associations have already evidenced significant relationship between increases in risk factors for selected human diseases and air pollutants concentration. Finally IARC has classified outdoor air pollution as carcinogenic to humans (Group 1). During the last decades several toxicological studies have investigated the molecular biological mechanism of air pollutant effects specifically particulate on matter (PM). These studies worked mainly with in vitro or in vivo models exposed to PM samples previously collected on filters, then detached and resuspended in suitable media. This procedure, although extensively applied, has always posed the question about the representativeness of extracted PM in comparison to airborne PM. However, the lack of exposure systems directly working under environmental conditions made this experimental set-up widely accepted. In the last years, also thank to Nanotoxicology studies, innovative exposure modules have been proposed which are able to convey air-dispersed particles on cultured cells. The majority of the application so far reported, however deal with the exposure under laboratory condition of engineered nanoparticles or other molecules of interest. Here we report the results obtained by the exposure of bronchial epithelial cells cultured at the air-liquid-interface (ALI) under environmental condition to environmental pollution by means of an exposure module (CULTEX® RFS module). The data demonstrate that the maximal feasible exposure evaluated for the CULTEX® system is representative of the dosimetry calculated for human exposure. The toxicological evaluation evidenced the absence of cytotoxic effects and absence of significant release of inflammatory release. Ongoing analysis are focused on the differential expression of selected genes of interest. Altogether our results show that the time is arrived to leave the warmth of the laboratory bench and to start toxicological evaluation in field campaign. Although the proposed approach still require an extensive evaluation to assess all the pros and cons we reckon that the toxicological data obtainable under really representative environmental conditions may be more representative to understand the biological processes activated by air pollution.
|Titolo:||Air pollution toxicology: is it the right time to leave the bench for the field? A case study integrated approach|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||4.2 Abstract in Atti di convegno|