Agricultural biodiversity entails the wealth of plant, animal and microbial genetic resources formed through biological mechanisms, natural selection and a lengthy evolution process, and accumulated - since the appearance of the agriculture about 10.000 years ago - by generations of farmers who patiently and diligently domesticated, selected and moved from different areas, the species from which the products necessary to man's existence would derive. Biodiversity is an irreplaceable element in the natural environment, producing a range of benefits for humanity realized by the so-called ecosystem services, in the form of different types of goods and services such as food, timber, drinking water, pollination, energy, climate regulation, protection from natural hazards/risks, erosion control, ingredients for medicines and cosmetics, leisure activities The Italian act 194, passed of the 1st of December 2015, on safety and conservation of agricultural and food biodiversity, attempts to fill a gap between a set of prolific international agreements – aimed, in different ways, at regulating the delicate topic of the safety of biological and agricultural diversity– and a likewise productive season of regional acts, focused on the protection of our territory’s remarkable genetic heritage. This legislation’s main objective is to achieve an international framework, arranged through different levels and competences, for the safety and conservation of agricultural and food biodiversity, able to safeguard local genetic resources - both agricultural and food- from the risk of genetic erosion and extinction. A pioneering work aimed at defining new management tools that include Ecosystem services in the governance of the network of protected areas (Natura 2000 network) has been recently done in Italy in the context of the LIFE+ European program (called LIFE+mgn). The proposed procedure was implemented and tested in a pool of 22 protected areas representative of the environmental, social and economic heterogeneity in Italy. Specific PES (Payment for ecosystem services) and contracts were defined. The model LIFE+mgn seems adequate for including ES in defining a sustainable plan of the Natura 2000 netwotk.
|Titolo:||Biodiversità e servizi ecosistemici tra normativa e prassi|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||2.1 Contributo in volume (Capitolo o Saggio)|