The Achilles tendon (AT) is the strongest tendon in the human body, but despite its strength, is the most frequently ruptured tendon in the body. Ruptures usually occur between 2 and 6 cm of its insertion into the superior surface of the calcaneus, a relatively hypovascular area [7, 17]. The major blood supply to tendons is from the mesotendon, and the largest supply is from the anterior mesentery . The tendon is at the greatest risk of rupture when it is obliquely loaded, the muscle is contracting maximally, and tendon length is short . This usually occurs as a result of pushing off with the foot against resistance, and occurs most frequently in males in their fourth decade.
|Titolo:||Percutaneous repair of acute achilles tendon ruptures: The maffulli procedure|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2013|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||2.1 Contributo in volume (Capitolo o Saggio)|