"The interactions between cationic liposomes doped with the anionic nucleolipid 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-cytidine diphosphate (DP-Cyt) and deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) were investigated. Toward this goal, new liposomal and lipoplex formulations characterized by the presence of the anionic amphiphile DP-Cyt were proposed. The effects of incorporation of the cytosine functionalized lipid DP-Cyt into the cationic bilayers were analyzed by means of electrophoretic mobility, dynamic light scattering (DLS) and fluorescence spectroscopy techniques. These approaches allowed us to follow the DNA condensation process and to identify specific electrokinetic characteristics of liposome and DNA-liposome complexes formation. Specifically. DP-Cyt liposornes and DNA were shown to form electrically stable or unstable complexes depending on the charge ratio between the phosphate group of DNA and the cationic lipid. Remarkably, a prominent role for DP-Cyt in enhancing the DNA binding capacity on liposomes was demonstrated. Zeta potential experiments performed on systems with different liposomes\/DNA ratio showed that the value of the charge neutralization point is a function of the content of the incorporated DP-Cyt. As a whole, our data demonstrate that the association of cationic DP-Cyt doped liposomes with DNA is driven by both electrostatic interaction and additional specific interactions at the polar head level based on the cytidine nucleobase. (C) 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved."
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.jcis.2011.09.011|
|Codice identificativo ISI:||WOS:000296401300025|
|Codice identificativo Scopus:||80054856053|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|