It is difficult to maintain turkey semen quality after in vitro liquid storage and the problem is worsened by animal aging. Little is currently known about the effects of both reproductive period and strain on the preservability of qualitative characteristics of turkey semen during liquid storage. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of the reproductive period of two commercial turkey strains on semen quality changes during in vitro storage for upto 48 h at 5 degrees C. Two different periods were considered: first period from 32 to 40 weeks of age and the second one from 44 to 52 weeks. Turkey males from either British United Turkeys (BUT) Big-6 line and Hybrid Large White line (Hybrid) were used. Semen pools of each tom strain were diluted with Beltsville Poultry Semen Extender (BPSE) and the motility, viability and membrane integrity of sperm were evaluated at 3, 24 and 48 h of liquid storage at 5 degrees C. The sperm concentration was significantly affected by period (P<0.01) and strain (P<0.05), with best values in first period and in the Hybrid semen. Besides also the motility, viability and membrane integrity during 48 h of storage were better (P<0.05) in the first period compared to the second one for both strains, particularly in Hybrid semen. During storage it was clearly shown in the first period that Hybrid sperm worsened more than the BUT one: in spite of the motility and viability values were at first (3h) higher (P<0.05) in Hybrid semen, after 48 h of storage the motility did not show any significant difference between strains while the viability resulted even better (P<0.05) in BUT semen. In the second period, although the semen quality decreased during the storage with a similar trend for both strains, better (P<0.05) values were found in BUT semen. Our results indicated that the reproductive period affected the quality of turkey semen in a different manner according to the strain. Moreover BUT semen showed a better in vitro storage ability compared to the Hybrid one.
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||.anireprosci.2007.11.024|
|Codice identificativo ISI:||000261270000022|
|Codice identificativo Scopus:||2-s2.0-54149086371|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|